Physical examination includes an assessment of the knees.
The knee examination assesses the findings of effusion, stability, range of motion and neurovascular assessment.
A plain radiographic study in 3 planes: including a standing weight-bearing anterior-posterior, lateral and skyline views is performed to assess possible fracture or degenerative disease in patients with acute knee swelling.
Ultrasound may be useful in evaluating possible joint effusion, and other imaging modalities such as MRI may provide details on soft tissue abnormalities.
Diagnostic arthroscopy is essential only in rare cases of acute knee swelling, such as when a biopsy is mandatory.
Preventive weight-bearing, splints, hot/cold packs, and simple analgesics and NSAID’s medication may be used primarily for the management of acute knee swelling.
What causes knee pain?
Knee pain is age linked, but in younger people knee pain is more frequently caused by trauma or overuse, usually related to sports or some physical activity. The most universal reason is wear and tear in the knee joint, also known as degenerative arthritis.
Changes that can ease knee pain
Exercise and weight loss are significant parts of your knee pain treatment. Obesity is one of the most important factors for the development of osteoarthritis of the knee.
Exercise helps in strengthening the muscles that maintain the joints and by increasing lubrication in the joints. People with knee pain caused by arthritis benefit from three main types of exercises:
Daily stretching exercises to increase your range of motion.
Strengthening exercises with light weights or bands to support your knee joints.